Camels Used to be Hunted by Birds?

Camels Used to be Hunted by Birds?

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– Camels have been
around a very long time, and they evolved here in America. We don’t think of camels normally, we think of the Middle East
when we think of camels, but camels, this is a
10,000 year old camel. But they’ve been around
for millions of years. This is what camels looked like in America 32 million years ago. Now this is not a baby camel. When we look at the skull we can see the growth plates are fused, so we know this is a full grown adult. Over time, they’ve gotten bigger. Now, there’s a few differences
that are very important. One is if you look at the eyes, on this camel the eye
sockets point downwards because ice age camels and
modern camels are very large. There are few things taller than them, so they’re looking down in the grass for saber tooths that are hunting them. But this little guy, his
eye sockets are pointing up. He was small enough, that he
was not only worried about cats eating him, but also eagles. This is a camel that is so small it was hunted by birds of prey. Now another thing has happened over time. This camel has six molars,
and the ice age camel and the modern camel have five molars. What this does, is for these bigger camels losing a top tooth,
bottom tooth on both sides makes this area bigger, this section, this opening is covered by cheeks. This is where they chew their cud. If you live in the cold,
you live in the ice age, you need to process as much
plant material as you can to have energy to keep warm. So the bigger this opening, the more you can eat at one time. This little guy was so small, and he lived in a warmer time period, he didn’t have to worry about it. So camels have gotten bigger, their eyes have begun to point downwards, and they’ve lost four teeth total over these prehistoric camels.

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